Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Counseling Psychology, History of
Nancy L. Murdock & J. Rico Drake & Ashley M. Heintzelman
Counseling psychology emerged as an applied specialty within the American Psychological Association (APA) in the 1940s. It has been recognized as a specialty by the APA since 1946, and this recognition was reaffirmed in 1998 when the APA initiated a new period of application for specialty recognition. Landmarks in the history of counseling psychology include the establishment of the discipline in relation to the overall profession of psychology, the creation of key professional journals, and important conferences held across the years. Two organizations are considered key in the formation and development of counseling psychology: the Society of Counseling Psychology (SCP) of the APA and the Council of Counseling Psychology Training Programs (CCPTP), the organization for directors of training programs in counseling psychology. Prior to 2004, SCP was typically referred to as “Division 17,” so reviewers of original historical material should note this reference. In the present entry, the terms SCP ...