Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
William Ming Liu
Many authors concur that the third world is a term used to describe countries and nations who are poor, in political crisis, contending with pollution, and in debt. Berger believes these differences between developed and underdeveloped nations have also been described as a North-South conflict wherein the developed nations are the North and the underdeveloped are the South. It is assumed that the third world represents a stable set of countries, nations, and territories, but the geographic boundaries between first, second, and third world countries is vague. The third world , as a term, has also been used in political movements. Blauner suggests that during the anti-Vietnam War and civil rights movements, a number of organizations used Third World to identify themselves as liberation oriented, anticapitalist, and anticolonialist or postimperialist. Because there are many uses and connotations for the term Third World , this chapter attempts to clarify the origin ...