Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Brown's Values-Based Career Theory
Duane Brown & Robert Kelly Crace
Brown's values-based career theory emphasizes the central importance of values in career counseling and occupational choice. Values are defined as cognitive structures that are the basis for self-evaluation and one's evaluation of others. Values also have an affective dimension, are the primary basis of goal-directed behavior, and are the stimulus for the development of behavior related to goal attainment. Values have been portrayed as more fundamental traits than interests, and it has been suggested that concerns for values should be the primary consideration in career counseling, without precluding the use of other constructs. The values-based approach is also predicated on the idea that career counseling should in most cases be life-role counseling because of the interaction among life roles and the The ...