Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Constructivist Career Counseling
Lisa E. Severy
The theory of constructivism has roots in philosophy, science, psychology, sociology, and anthropology. The core of the theory involves the idea that reality is relative rather than absolute and that people actively create reality by the way in which they experience and interpret events. As an example, take the idea of stealing another person's money. While some may say that stealing is always wrong and is never justified, others may say that certain circumstances may make stealing understandable. The story of Robin Hood certainly appeals to that notion that what is right and what is wrong is a matter of perspective. Like other theory-based practices, career counseling has evolved to account for this idea that reality is relative and is created through experience and interpretation ofthat experience. Although models of practice developing from this new perspective are varied, the theoretical underpinnings share common characteristics that separate them from more traditional ...