Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Krumboltz, John D. (1928-)
Margo A. Jackson
John D. Krumboltz, Ph.D., has demonstrated throughout his life and work that counselors can help clients with career, academic, and personal problems to explore and expand their learning experiences; challenge unhelpful beliefs; embrace unanticipated opportunities; and take positive actions to create more satisfying lives for themselves. He received from the American Psychological Association the Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Knowledge (2002) and the Leona Tyler Award (1990), the nation's foremost award in the field of counseling psychology. A leading theorist in career development, in 1979 Krumboltz proposed a social learning theory of career decision making. In 1996, he expanded this into a learning theory of career counseling and has since added the concept of planned happenstance. Krumboltz views career indecision as a consequence of ineffective learning (e.g., unsatisfactory or insufficient learning experiences). He maintains that the role of career counselors is to ...