Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Narrative Career Counseling
Hazel L. Reid
Narrative career counseling represents a shift from the 20th-century focus on objective interventions for career decision making toward a 21st-century concern for interpretive approaches. It is sited in postmodern developments where previous grand theories overemphasize either social structures (e.g., Marxism) or individual psychology (e.g., psychoanalysis). Narrative career counseling moves away from a scientific approach that is exemplified by the matching of relatively static personality traits with job factors. Narrative approaches recognize that as dynamic social actors individuals speak, act, and interpret events through their particular contexts and cultures. In other words, it views career decision making as a holistic process, recognizing that the career ...