Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Personal and Career Counseling
William C. Briddick & Hande Sensoy Briddick
Personal counseling and career counseling share a significant history. Vocational or career counseling started with the work of Frank Parsons and his staff at the Vocation Bureau of Boston in 1908. Parsons would die shortly after the bureau began operations, but not before the term counseling emerged to describe the services provided to clients of the Vocation Bureau. His book, Choosing a Vocation , would be published a year after his death, cementing the legacy of career counseling. Thirty years later Edmund G. Williamson would introduce the first counseling theory, which was based on the original work of Parsons. Much of the description of counseling found in definitions ascribed to counseling by professionals and professional organizations can also apply to the definition of career counseling. Career counseling is a specialization of personal counseling much like other ...