Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Cary Stacy Smith & Li-Ching Hung
Ethical issues are often complicated and multifaceted and can be challenging for counselors if they attempt to create simple solutions when dealing with difficult issues. Many ethical issues are gray, not black and white, and it is common for biases and personal values, beliefs, and morality to enter the decision-making process. As a result, ethical codes are designed to provide guidelines and general standards for counselors to deal with a variety of ethical issues and situations. Ethical issues are regulated by laws and ethical codes. However, most people do not understand the inherent difference between the two. Law is a set of rules established by governments, and it defines the minimum standards that people in society tolerate. Ethics , on the other hand, is a set of ideal standards established by a profession as moral principles that members should adopt as a guide for conduct. As a result, ethical codes ...