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Encyclopedia of Counseling

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Encyclopedia of Counseling

Frederick T. L. Leong

Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.

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Roe's Theory of Personality Development and Career Choice

William C. Briddick

Anne Roe (1904–1991) was born and raised in Denver, Colorado. Upon graduating from the University of Denver, she attended Columbia University, following the recommendation of Thomas Garth. At Columbia, Roe worked in the office of Edward Lee Thorndike, graduating with her Ph.D. in experimental psychology under the supervision of Robert S. Woodworm. The publication of The Psychology of Occupations would introduce Roe's theory of personality development and career choice, her most enduring scientific contribution. Roe's theory can be separated into two key areas: theoretical aspects of personality and classification of occupations. Inspired by Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Roe incorporated the psychological needs that develop out of parent-child interactions in her conceptualization of personality. Roe classified parent-child interaction patterns into three categories, each with two subcategories: (1) emotional concentration ...

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