Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Cindy L. Juntunen
Most people will encounter the developmental task of making the transition from school to work, as the assumption of the worker role is one of the hallmarks of adulthood. However, the school-to-work transition generally refers to the transition made by those youth who are moving directly from high school to work, frequently with minimal support. Because it is a part of the adolescent-to-adult transition, the move from school to work presents the individual with several challenges and opportunities. Because it is integral to the mission of the central social institutions of education and employment, the school-to-work transition is also a major policy and reform issue. Transitions of any type bring with them periods of uncertainty and stress. In the transition from school to work, that stress is exacerbated by the fact that work is necessary to meet basic survival needs. In the United States, youth who do not attend college ...