Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Feminization of Psychology
Kathryn Richard & Samantha R. Strife
An increasing number of women are joining the field of psychology. According to the National Science Foundation, the percentage of women receiving psychology doctoral degrees increased from approximately 15% in 1950 to 55% in 1988. In 2002, an American Psychological Association (APA) task force found nearly two thirds of all new recipients of master's degrees and doctorates in clinical or counseling psychology were women. In 1985, 34% of APA membership was female; in 2000 the membership was 49% female, reflecting a 15% increase over 15 years. According to an annual survey conducted by the Council of Counseling Psychology Training Programs (CCPTP), there were on average 29.83 women and 10.75 men enrolled in counseling psychology doctoral programs for the 2004–2005 academic year. The same survey found the ratio of female to male assistant and associate professors in counseling psychology was 53 to 18 and 51 to 27, respectively. For full professors, ...