Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Michael B. Madson & Anna R. Powe & Kimberly D. Smith
Industrial/organizational psychology (I/O psychology) is a branch of psychology that explores the principles of psychology in relation to the workplace. Psychology principles applicable to the work setting are those mentioned in learning theory and aspects of social psychology as well as motivational and emotional principles. All of these principles can be used by counseling professionals to develop training and incentive programs, to form work groups and solve interpersonal problems, and to motivate and satisfy employees. Like counseling psychology, I/O psychology is based on the scientist-practitioner model. This model guides I/O psychologists in two ways: (a) conducting research and understanding the scientific principles in working with organizations, which is the scientific portion, and (b) providing the basis for high quality and effectiveness for the organization, which is the practitioner component. This entry discusses the history of I/O psychology, the services I/O psychologists perform, and the relationship between I/O psychology and counseling. ...