Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Education and Employment
Mark S. Fleisher
Employment and education are inextricably intertwined in the history of American society. The American economy is based on employment and levels of employment—from the highest paying professions to the lowest—depend on education. The pleasure of learning has never been a central idea in American education, except for the children of the wealthiest families The link between employment and crime argued in criminological theory proposes that people with gainful employment are not likely to risk criminal behavior, in spite of high profits associated with crimes such as drug distribution. The reasons behind this theory are twofold. First, crime carries a high risk of imprisonment. Second, legal employment creates social and emotional community attachments that control personal behavior. Building on this argument, work training programs have been developed to provide the least skilled wage earners with job training or to enhance their low job skills with more valuable skills. Such job training, ...