Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Kevin E. Courtright
Electronic monitoring (EM) is the use of technological equipment to verify that offenders are at specified locations during particular times. EM is always used in conjunction with house arrest (HA), although HA can be used as a stand-alone sanction. House arrest (sometimes referred to as home confinement or home detention) is simply a sanction to be served within the confines of the offender's home. Strict rules regulate when an offender is allowed to leave the home and for what reasons. This sanction can be enforced through a variety of methods, including, but not limited to, curfew checks by a probation/parole officer, home visits, or the use of technology such as EM. Although many offenders under house arrest are away from their homes regularly, either working or doing other types of specifically authorized tasks (such as undergoing drug and alcohol counseling or completing community service), it is important to note that ...