Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Reid H. Montgomery Jr. & Gordon A. Crews
The phenomena of prison riots present a very unique and serious problem in the American criminal justice system; therefore, accurate knowledge regarding the modern correctional system is needed. Past efforts with respect to “riot research” have often fallen short of providing a comprehensive consideration of all available institutional riot information. A new effort will be essential to focus the efforts of the U.S. criminal justice system in a direction from which new efforts may emerge for the resolution of those problems that are intrinsic to prison riots. The first correctional riot reportedly took place in Simsbury, Connecticut, in 1774, in a prison that had been constructed over an abandoned mine in 1773. In the twentieth century, more than 1,300 riots occurred in American correctional institutions. These riots have cost the American public millions of dollars. The accumulated research suggests that the trend of prison disturbances continues to accelerate in terms ...