Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Thomas P. LeBel
More than 2 million men and women are incarcerated in American prisons and jails. A major consequence of the prison building strategy employed over the last two decades is that more prisoners are let out and returned to society each year. In fact, it was estimated that close to 600,000 felons would be released from state and federal prisons in the year 2000 and essentially dropped on the doorsteps of communities nationwide (Petersilia 2000: 1). A recent national study estimated that in 1999, only 43 percent of adults on parole successfully completed their supervision terms (Bureau of Justice Statistics 2000). Therefore, the evidence strongly suggests that “the system” now in place to reintegrate offenders into the community needs to be reexamined. How should the reentry problem faced by exoffenders be addressed? There is no definitive “reintegration model” ensuring that ex-offenders will be successful on their reentry and subsequent adaptation to ...