Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Linda Dailey Paulson
London's Metropolitan Police Office, Criminal Investigation Department, is more commonly known throughout the world as Scotland Yard, because this was the name of the short street in London on which the agency was first headquartered. Scotland Yard was once the site of Whitehall Palace, a residence used by visiting Scottish kings. Although much of the compound burned down in 1698, the area continued to be known as Scotland Yard. The police agency currently nicknamed “Scotland Yard” made its second home on Victoria Embankment. In 1884, a bomb destroyed the building, forcing the agency to move to a new facility that was nicknamed “The New Scotland Yard.” When the agency moved to Westminster Bridge in 1967, that name moved with it. Robert Peel (1788–1850), founder of the Conservative Party and three-time prime minister, founded the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) in 1829. He was highly innovative, and he developed some ideas that ...