Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The playing field is often a very violent and hazardous environment. Not even the risky and laborintensive settings of mining, oil drilling, and construction sites can compare with the routine injuries of team sports such as football, ice hockey, soccer, and rugby. An increase in both the frequency and seriousness of acts of violence in team sports has been well documented. Violence involves great physical force used to injure or harm or which has the potential to cause harm or destruction. Sport violence can be defined as behavior that causes harm, occurs outside of the rules of the game, and is unrelated to the competitive objectives of the sport. Violence in sport is physical assault or other physically harmful actions by a player that take place in a sports context and that are intended to cause physical pain or injury to another player, where such harmful actions bear no direct ...