Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Comparative Law and Justice
Edna Erez & Daniel Price
Comparative law and justice focuses on explaining crime patterns, criminal justice institutions and processes, and legal systems across nations. Such studies have become increasingly important with recent globalization trends, particularly the rapid growth of transnational crime. Modern crime often takes place in more than one country and requires international cooperation. Offenders may use the Internet or other technological means to steal goods, embezzle funds, or defraud individuals or institutions halfway around the world. Internationally organized or loosely connected criminal groups establish alliances with criminal elements in other countries to exploit economic, political, or social conditions, seeking to profit through transactions in legal or illegal goods and trafficking in human beings. A corollary growth in the need to study law and legal institutions across nations is also evident; practitioners and scholars find it necessary to be familiar with legal systems, criminal justice institutions, and crime patterns in other countries. And researchers ...