Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: November 23, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412959193 | Print ISBN: 9781412959186 | Online ISBN: 9781412959193| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jeffery, C. Ray: Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design
Steven P. Lab
The publication of C. Ray Jeffery's Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design in 1971 ushered in a new way of looking at crime and how society should address criminal activity. In a very general sense, the Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) model considers factors of the social and physical environment that open up opportunities for crime. Jeffery shifts the emphasis away from the criminal to the environment in which the offender operates. This is a major jump for criminology and criminological theory since the reigning orientation at the time was deterring and treating the individual who committed a criminal action. This entry considers the background and development of CPTED, as well as the changing view of CPTED found in Jeffery's work. Jeffery pointed out that there were two existing models for crime control. Those were deterrence and rehabilitation. The deterrence model focuses on the actions and efficiency of the agents ...