Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: November 23, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412959193 | Print ISBN: 9781412959186 | Online ISBN: 9781412959193| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Christopher Browning, Seth Feinberg, and Robert Dietz's “negotiated coexistence” model of community crime describes the paradoxical process by which intra-neighborhood social ties both contribute to social control orientations within urban neighborhoods and, simultaneously, generate social capital for resident offenders. Neighborhood residents who offend within their own community may draw on social capital to avoid sanction and maintain a presence in the community, complicating the local regulation of crime. The negotiated coexistence model is rooted in, but challenges, the classic social disorganization perspective on crime and John Kasarda and Morris Janowitz's subsequent “systemic” reformulation. Below, the systemic approach and Robert Sampson and colleagues’ more recent “collective efficacy” approach to understanding community crime are described; then the entry turns to the core tenets of the negotiated coexistence model. The entry concludes with a brief review of empirical assessments of the negotiated coexistence approach and prospects for future development and testing of the ...