Maurice Parmelee was one of the early pioneers in American criminology. He was trained as a sociologist, and throughout his career he held a number of positions in the academia and the government. He received his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1909 and began his teaching career in University of Kansas before moving to University of Missouri. He left academia for the government in 1918, when he was appointed at the War Trade Board in London. He also worked for the Departments of State, Agriculture, Treasury, and Interior. He was appointed to the Bureau of Economic Warfare in 1941 but was forced to resign after being investigated for alleged socialist leanings. Throughout his long career, Parmelee wrote several books on a wide range of sociological topics including monographs on poverty, alcoholism, and human behavior. He also wrote some of the first texts in American criminology: The Principles of Anthropology and ...