Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: November 23, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412959193 | Print ISBN: 9781412959186 | Online ISBN: 9781412959193| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Prison Insurgency Theory
Karen F. Lahm
It is commonly expected that prisons are violent places, given the nature of the individuals housed within them. Some prison violence takes place at the individual level, which consists of violence between inmates or between inmates and correctional staff. Besides interpersonal violence, prisons across the United States and the world have also experienced collective violence (i.e., group violence) or riots. There are estimates of over 1,000 prison riots having occurred in the United States in the 20th century. From just 1950 to 1960 more than 100 riots transpired in American prisons. However, some of the most infamous riots, readily known to the public because of their extreme amounts of violence, took place from 1970 through 1993. Among these were the uprisings at Attica in New York, Joliet in Illinois, the New Mexico State Penitentiary in Santa Fe, and Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio. Penologists have examined many of ...