Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: November 23, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412959193 | Print ISBN: 9781412959186 | Online ISBN: 9781412959193| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Benson, Michael L.: The Collateral Consequences of White-Collar Offending
William A. Stadler
Historically, individuals prosecuted for conventional “street” crimes have faced relatively simple and straightforward consequences, including incarceration, fines, probation, and loss of certain rights. However, legal responses from the justice system, as well as non-legal reactions toward individuals who engage in white-collar crimes, are often thought to be more varied and less punitive. Indeed, it has been widely assumed that white-collar offenders receive preferential treatment compared to their conventional criminal counterparts, in large part due to their high social status. But there is debate over both the nature and the severity of legal and non-legal reactions to white-collar offending. Some assume that white-collar offenders not only avoid severe legal sanctions but also are somehow able to avoid non-legal consequences, such as labeling or stigmatization, frequently associated with a criminal conviction. However, others maintain that because of their occupational positions and elevated social status, white-collar offenders face a barrage of non-legal, collateral ...