Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: November 23, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412959193 | Print ISBN: 9781412959186 | Online ISBN: 9781412959193| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Patrick Timothy Kinkade
The psychoanalytic perspective on human behavior and criminality is most commonly associated with Sigmund Freud, who created the theory as an explanation of human personality and emotional development and as a guide to clinical practice. While there have been many expansions and refinements to the original work, Freudian theory is utilized as an explanatory tool and in therapeutic intervention in its original form and conceptualization even today. Freud was without doubt one of the most influential thinkers of his time. Freud viewed the human mind as being composed of three major parts, each performing a distinctly different function for the individual. The first of these parts, the conscious mind, is represented by the individual's current awareness. This generalized and current knowledge of self is made up of our feelings, our perceptions, and our considerations of both. The second part, the preconscious, is composed of memories of experiences that are not ...