Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: November 23, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412959193 | Print ISBN: 9781412959186 | Online ISBN: 9781412959193| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Garofalo, Raffaele: Positivist School
Raffaele Garofalo was born November 18, 1851, in Naples into a noble family of Catalan origin and is considered one of the main exponents of the Positivist School of Criminology. He enjoyed a rich and successful career as a lawyer, with prestigious Bench and Ministry of Justice assignments and was active until his death on April 18, 1934. Garofalo was Cesare Lombroso's disciple with whom he collaborated on the Archives of Psychiatry, Anthropology and Penal Sciences together with the third representative of the “glorious triad” (as Grispigni wrote of the three founders of the new school in the Dictionary of Criminology in 1943, p. 398), the lawyer Enrico Ferri. In his work, Garofalo systemized the theories of his teacher and tried to give a juridical position to the new criminal theories. One of the characteristics of Garofalo's work, which stemmed from his professional background, was the strong attention given to ...