M. Shaun Murphy & Debbie Pushor
Planned curriculum refers to documents that shape the content to be covered when teaching. These documents arise out of policy environments and reflect what is deemed required or necessary for students to learn at specific levels of education or educational settings. Typically, planned curriculum documents are created by governments, publishers of subject matter series, publishers of assessments, or boards of education. Planned curriculum can be categorized in two ways: curriculum that is prescribed or curriculum that is subscribed. Prescribed planned curriculum expects teachers to follow a defined set of objectives or outcomes, whereas a subscribed planned curriculum provides outcomes or objectives but allows for some teacher selection. Typically, planned curriculum is mandated at some level for teachers to use in their teaching and teachers are supervised in some manner to ensure their use of the planned curriculum. In some countries or jurisdictions, the government mandates a planned curriculum that ...