Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Marilyn L. Grady
Jane Addams (1860–1935), a leader in social reform, women's rights, antiwar, and civil liberties issues, founded the social settlement Hull-House on Chicago's Near West Side in 1889. Hull-House was modeled on London's Toynbee Hall and was designed to enrich the lives of poor people in Chicago's immigrant community. She was the first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize (1931). Among her activities, she was a founder of the National Federation of Settlements (president 1911–1935), the World War I Women's Peace Party (1915), the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (served as first president 1919–1929), and the American Civil Liberties Union (1920). She was vice president of the National Woman's Trade Union League, served on the Chicago Board of Education, helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (1909), was elected first ...