Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Communities, Types, Building of
Iris M. Saltiel
Community refers to the relationships and interactions of individuals who have a common or mutual interest, usually connected to a particular shared physical location. Education is a primary function of any community in order to assist its members in developing and maintaining skills that benefit and sustain the community. Schools are designed by the community to meet their educational needs. The establishment of formal schools creates a community that functions and interacts in collaboration within the community itself and within the larger geographic locality. Appreciating schools as functioning communities within a given population is probably the most helpful perspective from which to understand the different types of communities within a school and what it takes to build such a community. For students, their community is defined as the classroom or their neighborhood. Stakeholders determine who and what constitutes a community and recognizing stakeholders' influence can contribute to building, or gaining ...