Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Contingency theories refer to effective leadership behavior that is dependent on the interaction of the leader's personal traits, the leader's behavior, and factors in the leadership situation. Contingency theories are associated with leadership, management, and practice. Contingency theories are also known as situational theories. Path-goal theory is a contingency theory. Leadership varies with the situation. Contingency theories are associated with the scholarship of Fred Fiedler, Paul Hersey and Kenneth Blanchard, and Victor Vroom and Phillip Yetton. More currently, the work of James Spillane has been associated with contingency theory. Contingency theory is governed by context, organizational structure, environment, and the interaction of the leader's personal traits and situational aspects. It is based on context or situation line of ...