Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Maria Martinez Witte & James E. Witte
The lack of a singular definition complicates the term adult education , which encompasses the following indicators: A broad description of the process by which individuals continue learning after formal schooling Institutional or organizational coordinated activities to accomplish specific educational objectives More concisely, adult education can be defined as those planned educational activities that enhance an adult's ability to function on a day-to-day basis. This may involve improving an individual's knowledge, skills, and/or attitude. What constitutes an adult will vary due to the individual's social, maturation, cultural, biological, and psychological differences; however, adult education primarily refers to individuals involved in postsecondary learning activities. In the field of adult education, the concept of andragogy was stylized by Malcolm Knowles, who is known as the father of adult education. Andragogy is referred to as the art and science of helping adults learn, whereas pedagogy is more teacher-directed learning and is considered Determining ...