Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
JoAnn Franklin Klinker
Critical thinking is the disciplined process of judgment through interpretation, analysis, evaluation, and inference. Traditionally, critical thinkers seek ways to train their minds to recognize and minimize errors, blunders, and distortions. They strive for relevance, precision, and accuracy. They understand that good thinking involves affective and cognitive skills and strategies. Within a culture that embraces scientific reasoning and logical deduction, the craft of critical thinking is an essential part of leadership, which is why most educational leadership programs train school administrators in that reasoning process. Values, however, also come into play. The critical thinker is making a judgment call about a claim and the confidence he or she has or does not have in that claim. For that judgment call to be made, the critical thinker must display willingness, empathy, and honesty and ...