Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Kent D. Peterson & Shelby Cosner
School culture is one of the central features of educational organizations and is key to understanding what makes these organizations successful or stagnant. Researchers have been closely examining the concept of organizational culture for over two decades, with attention to the features and influence increasing in the past 10 years. School culture is the set of norms, values, and beliefs and other cultural features that characterize the expected pattern of behavior, thinking, and feeling for those who work and learn in the school. The school culture influences virtually everything that adults do in a school and has a powerful influence on things such as the development of goals, the sense of commitment of staff to the school, the energy and motivation to accomplish tasks, and, ultimately, staff and student learning. The specific nature of the cultural elements and norms of a school vary from one school to the next, and ...