Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Educational Testing Service
Neil J. Shipman
Founded in 1947, the Educational Testing Service (ETS) has become the world's largest tests and measurement company. Conceived by James Bryant Conant, president of Harvard, in the early 1940s, the original intent for ETS was to become an independent, nonprofit test developer for the American Council on Education (ACE), the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, and the College Board. Henry Chauncey, an assistant dean at Harvard, became the first president of ETS and served in that capacity until 1970. ETS opened its doors in 1948 with 17 previously developed testing programs, 111 employees, and a budget of $1.8 million. ETS perceives itself to have five broad areas of expertise: research, assessment and development, test administration, test scoring, and development and delivery of instructional products and services. As part of its corporate organizational structure, ETS has a governing board of 16 trustees from education and business venues. These trustees ...