Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jean M. Haar
Empowerment is described as the opportunities a person has for power, choice, autonomy, and responsibility. The literature on organizational management and sociology of work indicates that empowerment is an alteration in the distribution of power in the workplace. The process of empowerment allows individuals to develop the competence to be responsible for their own growth and to resolve their own problems. The process also allows individuals to participate in a more active manner, one that influences community governance and social concerns. With empowerment, individuals are free to do what makes sense, as long as the decisions embody the values shared by the community. Six aspects identified as strengthening empowerment include (1) decision making—involvement of teachers in decisions that directly affect ...