Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Expectations, Teacher and Student Cultures
Jean M. Haar
School culture is key to establishing a high level of expectation for teaching and learning. A healthy culture is believed to improve student learning. Identified norms of a healthy school culture include collegiality; experimentation; high expectations; trust and confidence; tangible support; reaching out to knowledge base; appreciation and recognition; caring, celebration, and humor; involvement in decision making; protection of what's important; traditions; and honest, open communication. Culture can be described as the under-the-surface systems of norms, values, beliefs, traditions, and rituals that have accumulated over time as people work to solve problems and confront challenges. Culture can be further described as responses to three questions: (1) what we say we believe in relation to what we believe, (2) what we say we do in relation to what we do, and (3) what ...