Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Charles J. Russo
The evolution of American public education is characterized by broad judicial interpretation of the implied powers of local school officials. The Supreme Court recognized this long-held concept in the 1973 San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez case in holding that local school boards have the authority to tailor educational programming to the needs of their communities. Judicial deference to local boards has encouraged freedom and experimentation that is out of proportion to that suggested by the legal structure of public education. Creative boards typically introduce Stuart ...