Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
King, Martin Luther Jr.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia, and died April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. Dr. King was a Baptist minister and civil rights leader. In 1955, at age 26, he led the Montgomery, Alabama, bus boycott to force the desegregation of the public transportation system, and remained in the fight to eliminate Jim Crow laws until he was murdered in 1968 at age 39. King was the eldest son of the Reverend Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta Williams King of Atlanta, Georgia. Dr. King, an African American, attended racially segregated schools and colleges. He was admitted to Morehouse College at age 15 and earned a bachelor's degree in sociology. He attended the Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania, in 1951, and earned a doctoral degree in theology in 1955 from Boston University. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, and together ...