Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Charles J. Russo
The U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education was the most important educationrelated case in U.S. history, perhaps its most significant judgment ever. With Brown providing a major impetus in the ensuing years, the United States has undergone a myriad of educational, legal, and social transformations. Brown not only ushered in an era of equal educational opportunities in striking down racial segregation in public schools but also signaled the birth of the field known as education law or school law. Prior to Brown , the Court addressed only a handful of education-related cases. Yet, now almost every year the Court resolves at least one school-related case. In fact, since the Court first addressed a dispute under the Establishment Clause in 1947, upholding a state's providing transportation for children who attend nonpublic schools in Everson v. Board of Education (1947), it addressed more than 30 cases In ...