Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Darlene Y. Bruner
Participatory leadership is defined in terms of the degree of subordinate participation in the decisionmaking process. Rather than make arbitrary decisions, the participative leader seeks to involve other people in the process. The amount of subordinate participation varies depending on the manager's preferences and beliefs. Participatory leaders provide direction, information, resources, and group facilitation. Proponents of this leadership style place emphasis on concern for people (relationship) over structuring the organizations. Collaborative leaders seek input from those affected by the decision while working actively with individuals and groups in making the decisions. They keep an open mind and are willing to adjust predetermined positions. Participative leadership is about empowerment and power sharing. Gary Yukl pointed out that it is most often linked with the decision-making process that takes four main forms: (1) autocratic decisions in which managers make the decision on their own, (2) consultation of others for opinions and ideas ...