Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Elaine L. Wilmore
Every organization, whether educational, political, cultural, industrial, or business related, has a learning environment with its unique culture and climate. Together these create the personality or ethos of the organization. Research on 20 schools found a significant difference in student achievement between schools with a positive or negative climate. Thus, a positive learning environment promotes learning whereas a negative environment is known to deter optimal knowledge obtainment. Climate can be defined as the social atmosphere of a setting; thus the learning environment in which participants have different experiences, depending upon the protocols wherein they are operating. These learning environments can be divided into three categories: 1. Relationships, including involvement, support, and affiliation with others 2. Personal growth or goal orientation, including personal development and self-enhancement of all members of the organization 3. A ...