Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Lamont A. Flowers
Broadly defined, an organization consists of two or more people who cooperate with each other to pursue a shared goal, create a product, or perform a service. At the basic level, organizations exist to perform tasks, produce outputs, and/or generate and disseminate information. Educational institutions (e.g., elementary schools, secondary schools, and postsecondary institutions), which are also organizations, exist to perform a variety of functions such as preparing a knowledgeable cadre of individuals to work in a global economy as well as helping citizens live in a democratic society. The degree to which educational leaders utilize organizational design techniques that incorporate researchbased information may help educational leaders to systematically plan and strategically coordinate different levels within the educational institution to produce positive outcomes for all stakeholders involved in the American educational enterprise. An organizational design can be generally defined as a complex plan and set of approaches, strategies, and techniques used ...