Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Linda C. Tillman
Parental involvement in K–12 schooling has been linked to the social, emotional, and academic achievement of students. Researchers, policymakers, and district and school site personnel note that these links are particularly important in large urban districts. Research on parental involvement indicates that parental involvement can significantly enhance the school climate and is a critical aspect of effective schooling. The importance of parental involvement is not unique to any one type of school district or any particular race/ethnicity; however, recent literature on parental involvement has primarily focused on urban schools that serve large numbers of minority and low-income children. The Yale Child Study Center Comer School Development Program (SDP) includes a comprehensive parental involvement component. Developed by James Comer, MD, in 1968, the model has been operationalized in over 700 schools in the United States and abroad, and is a child-centered, data-driven, wholeschool change process. The perspective of the home is ...