Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Plato (427 BC –347 BC ) was the second in the line of great philosophers who emerged from the ancient Greek city-state of Athens. He was a student of Socrates and founder of the Academy, which counted Aristotle as a student, among many others. A soldier and aspiring politician in his early life, most of the details of his life have been gleaned from letters attributed to him. These letters have come under fire from several historians as not written by Plato himself. Despite these criticisms, it is clear Plato was not an insulated scholar but a worldly soldier, traveler, and at times diplomat. Plato fought in the Peloponnesian War from 409 BC to the end in 404 BC . The war pitted Athens against the Greek city-state of Sparta. When Sparta won the war, Plato became involved in the Thirty Tyrants of Athens, a government set up in part ...