Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jeffrey S. Brooks
Problem-based learning (PBL) is a catchall term for several educational strategies, each of which employs different terminology and instructional purposes. While PBL strategies may be called PBL modules, scenarios, vignettes, critical incident analyses, or teaching cases (not to be confused with case study methodology ), they share in common that they employ problems in the instructional process. Problem-based learning exercises generally have three distinctive design features: a narrative, responses/activities, and a debriefing. 1. Narratives describe a specific, complex predicament that is written as a scenario for exploring critical issues. As used in the preparation, training, and professional development of educational leaders, narratives range from a completely developed case, which includes extensive and detailed qualitative and/or quantitative information, to narratives that are constructivist in orientation. That is, while 2. ...