Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Professional Development Schools
Cynthia J. Reed
The educational field has been rife with calls for reform over the past several decades. One of these calls for reform has been to create partnerships between K–12 schools and teacher preparation programs in higher education. The Holmes Group, a national coalition of colleges of education in research universities, founded in 1985 and restructured as the Holmes Partnership in 1996, continues to stress the need for developing such relationships. These relationships are typically called professional development schools (PDS). PDSs are an organizational arrangement pairing K–12 schools with colleges of education or other higher education units preparing teachers or administrators. PDSs are claimed to be a new hybrid educational organization governed by both K–12 school systems and higher education partners. Partners must be accountable to each other as well as to other stakeholders if the PDS is to thrive. PDSs became popularized in the mid-1980s when the Holmes Group used the ...