Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Bobbitt, John Franklin
Believed by many to have established curriculum as a professional field of study, John Franklin Bobbitt (1876–1952) was born near English, Indiana, on February 16, 1876. He was the son of James and Martha Bobbitt, whose influence served as the foundation of a philosophy framed on hard work, study, self-discipline, religious faith, and devotion to duty. He earned his PhD degree from Clark University in 1909 and was a university professor and author. He also taught school from 1903 to 1907 at the Philippine Normal School in Manila. As a social efficiency advocate, Bobbitt saw the curriculum as a means for preparing students for their adult roles in a new industrial-based world. Bobbitt's work helped to influence the development of curriculum by emphasizing specifications and responses to current social needs as an alternative ...