Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
J. M. Blackbourn
The major contribution if Carl Rogers (1902–1987) to the field of education was his perspective on psychological development as a process on individual growth through personal understanding. His precepts related to (a) warm, positive interactions between people, (b) motivation to learn as an internal process, and (c) personal readiness as the foundation of all learning have greatly influenced the profession. Rogers was born in 1902 in Oak Park, Illinois. He originally was an agriculture major at the University of Wisconsin, but graduated with a BA in religion. He earned his doctorate in clinical psychology from Columbia University in 1931. Rogers served on the faculties of Ohio State University (1940–1945), the University of Chicago (1945–1957), and the University of Wisconsin (1957–1964). Rogers developed the theory of nondirective counseling. This theory is built on the “actualizing tendency,” which is the motivation present in every life ...