Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Patricia Ann Marcellino
The scalar principle or scalar chain is based on a precept of management, which reasons that the authority and responsibility of leadership flows downward from top management in an unbroken line, which includes every worker in the organization. It coexists with the concept of chain of command, which is the line of authority that flows from the top of an organization down to rank-andfile members working within the organization. The concept of authority is associated with the right to direct others, which is aligned with a formal appointment to a particular supervisory job or title. According to some experts, the terms scalar chain, line of authority , and chain of command are used synonymously. The development of the scalar principle derives from the classical principles of management theory developed when Henri Fayol's work was introduced into the United States in the 1940s. Fayol, a French manager, derived 14 ...