Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jane Clark Lindle
Although many opinions surround schooling's purposes, the public shares a fundamental assumption that U.S. students and teachers work in safe schools. Despite persisting government reports stating students experience more crimes en route to and from school and also that teaching remains a safer public service career than similar occupations, sensational acts of school violence in the 1990s increased public concern over school safety. School safety issues include the following: (a) physical plant and security accommodations, (b) schoolwide discipline and classroom management plans, and (c) curricular interventions. Most schools and systems adopted all three measures. The retrofitting of school plants to increase security provided an immediate response to mass school shootings in the 1990s. Schools made major investments in security technology, from video cameras to weapons detectors. Law enforcement and security officials reevaluated school grounds and erected fences. Today, most schools restrict visitors to a single entrance, and all other doors ...